Govardhan Puja

Govardhan Puja, also known as Annakut Puja, is a significant Hindu festival that is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm. It is observed on the fourth day of Diwali, which falls in the Hindu month of Kartik (October/November). This auspicious day holds deep religious and cultural significance for devotees across India. In this article, we will explore the rituals, significance, and legends associated with Govardhan Puja 2023.

Preparation and Decoration

On the day of Govardhan Puja, devotees wake up early and clean their homes. The main focus is on creating a beautiful representation of Govardhan Hill using cow dung or clay. The hill is adorned with flowers, leaves, and other decorative items. Additionally, an idol of Lord Krishna is placed on top of the hill.

Govardhan Puja

Annakut Offering

The highlight of Govardhan Puja is the Annakut, which translates to a “mountain of food.” Devotees prepare a wide variety of vegetarian dishes and sweets, symbolizing a bountiful harvest and gratitude to Lord Krishna. These delicacies are arranged in front of the Govardhan Hill, offering a grand feast to the deity.

Ritual Worship

Devotees perform aarti (a ceremonial worship with lamps) to Lord Krishna and Govardhan Hill. They chant devotional songs and offer prayers, expressing their reverence and devotion. Some devotees also engage in parikrama, which involves circumambulating the Govardhan Hill.

The Legend of Govardhan Hill

According to Hindu mythology, Lord Krishna protected the residents of Vrindavan from the wrath of Indra, the rain god. Instead of offering prayers and sacrifices to Indra, Lord Krishna convinced the villagers to worship Govardhan Hill. In response, Indra unleashed heavy rains, but Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill on his little finger, providing shelter to the villagers. This event symbolizes the power and protection of Lord Krishna and highlights the significance of nature and the environment.

Expressing Gratitude and Devotion

Govardhan Puja is a way for devotees to express their gratitude to Lord Krishna for his protection, blessings, and divine presence in their lives. It is also an opportunity to recognize the importance of nature’s bounty and the need to conserve and protect the environment.


Govardhan Puja is a joyous celebration that encompasses devotion, gratitude, and unity. It signifies the triumph of good over evil and the significance of nature’s blessings. As devotees come together to offer their prayers and participate in the rituals, Govardhan Puja creates a sense of harmony, spirituality, and thankfulness. Let us embrace this auspicious festival with reverence and celebrate Govardhan Puja 2023 with joy and devotion.

Remember, Govardhan Puja is a time for spiritual reflection and gratitude. The rituals and legends associated with this festival remind us of the divine protection, the importance of nature, and the need to foster unity and harmony in our lives. Embrace the customs and traditions while celebrating Govardhan Puja in 2023, and may this auspicious occasion bring peace and blessings to all.


Q1: When is Govardhan Puja celebrated in 2023?

Govardhan Puja in 2023 will be celebrated on the fourth day of Diwali, which falls on 25th October.

Q2: What is the significance of Govardhan Puja?

Govardhan Puja holds great significance as it commemorates the act of Lord Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill to protect the residents of Vrindavan. It symbolizes the power of devotion, the importance of nature, and the triumph of good over evil.

Q3: How is Govardhan Puja celebrated?

Devotees wake up early, clean their homes, and create a representation of Govardhan Hill using cow dung or clay. They offer a variety of vegetarian dishes and sweets as an Annakut to Lord Krishna. Aarti and prayers are performed, expressing devotion and gratitude.

Q4: What is the legend behind Govardhan Puja?

According to Hindu mythology, Lord Krishna convinced the residents of Vrindavan to worship Govardhan Hill instead of offering prayers to Indra, the rain god. Lord Krishna lifted the hill on his finger to protect the villagers from heavy rains unleashed by Indra.

Q5: What is the significance of the Annakut offering?

The Annakut offering represents a bountiful harvest and gratitude to Lord Krishna. It signifies the abundance of nature’s blessings and serves as a reminder to be thankful for the food and sustenance we receive.

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